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ABOUT NAXOS

ABOUT NAXOS

Greece has lots to offer for vacationers looking for a great getaway. If it’s your first time to visit this beautiful country, you should go to the stunning Naxos island. This is a great place to spend your getaway because of the breathtaking sights and crystal clear water on the beach. Spend your much awaited vacation here with the people closest to your heart.

The largest island of Cyclades. Located between the islands of Mykonos and Paros. The shape is oval and the coast just torn to pieces. The mainly flat territory located from North to South with mountain, the tallest peak is Zas (1,004 m) and rises in the center of Naxos island. The longest of the island is 18 miles, while the wider reaches 13 miles. It has 15,154 inhabitants

1. PHYSICAL REVIEW. The Sierra Zeus (Zas) separates the island: a) The Eastern Naxos is more mountainous, with many ravines on the slopes where several sheep graze. b) In Western Naxos, which is rather plain, with small plains of Livadi and Tragea, growing grapes, figs, olives and various fruit trees. The major headlands of the island is Panormos, Stauros, Gaitani, Emilianos, Prokopis, Magri and Parthenos. Naxos doesn’t have any remarkable hence and as a result no natural harbors either.

2. ECONOMIC REVIEW. Main crops are cereals, potatoes, pulses, fodder and especially olive trees, citrus and other fruit. Naxos Greece is the richest island in the Cyclades. From the citrus the famous “kitrorako” is made. The livestock products are renowned as the best of our country, such as cream cheese and graviera cheese. The rich subsoil produces high quality marble and the famous emery, used in the manufacture of grinding wheels and dust in the construction of various optical instruments. Each year around 10,000 tons of emery are produced, the extraction of which employs over 1000 workers. There are also unexploited deposits of iron on the island. The roads of Naxos Greece consist of asphalt and rural roads, starting from the capital and connecting all the villages. Naxos is connected to the rest of the country by ferries and airplanes.

Naxos

3. POLITICAL REVIEW. Naxos Greece is the eponymous province in the prefecture of Cyclades – apart from the island – including a few uninhabited islets such as Parthenos and Aspronisi. Naxos is the capital of the island province, has many mansions (saved from the time of the Duchy of Naxos), archaeological and historical museum, and several churches. There is a Venetian fortress.

4. HISTORICAL REVIEW. The first – in antiquity – inhabitants of the island were the Thracians and Cretans. Cares settled there later, led by Naxos, from who the island took it’s name. In the historic period, Naxos inhabitants where Ionians from Attica. Head of the first settlers was Kodro’s son Neleus. Chalkis and Naxians in 734 BC founded the homonymous town in Sicily. From the buildings built in Delos by Naxians it seems that Naxos was a city with acne. This is also confirmed by the famous Naxos gallery of lions, again on Delos. The status of the island was aristocracy. The leading class was the “bold”. Aristocracy was overthrown by the democratic Lygdamis (550 – 524), although he was coming from the “bold”. In 501 BC the first expedition of the Persians took place in Naxos, which failed. But in the second campaign, the Persians managed to impose a friendly regime in the island (490 BC), something that did not prevent the Naxians to fight against the Persians at Salamis and Plataea. Later the island took part in the Delian League (479 BC), but rebelled in 466 BC. The Athenians then enslaved the island by installing there Athenian settlers. The city was liberated after the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War. But the Spartan Alliance was harder and forced the island to return to the Athenian League (376 BC). Naxos was subjugated by Rome in 41 BC, along with all the Cyclades. With the prevalence of Christianity, Naxos was under the Church of Rhodes, but in 1083 became the seat of the Mitropolis of Paronaxia. Later the island was subjugated by Marco Sanudo, a relative of the Doge of Venice, who made Naxos the capital of the duchy. He was the one who built the fortress of the city. The Venetian rule lasted until 1537, when the duchy was subjugated by the Turks. In 1566 the Sultan gave Naxos to his Jewish friend Nazi, after whose death the Turks returned to the island. Since 1811, the Russians and Venetians dominated. From 1821 onwards Naxos followed the fate of Greece.

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Naxos - Town, Greece
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